Located in midwest São Paulo state, 448 kilometers from the state capital, Marília was settled in the 1920s as result of the expansion of the coffee industry and the arrival of the railroad. It is an important agroindustrial center which annually produces about two billion kilos of food products, accounting for its being called “The nation’s capital of food”. Most of its 400 industries belong to the food and metallurgy sectors. Served by the rivers “Peixe” and “Feio”, the municipal district has two distinct seasons – hot and humid between October and March, and dry cold in the remainder months of the year. One of the city’s founders, Bento de Abreu, named the city Marília after a poem by Thomaz Antonio Gonzaga, “Marília de Dirceu” that he had read over a trip to Europe.